It is recognized that the brain is neither holistic nor rigidly localized with respect to cognitive functions. However, higher-order cognitive capabilities depend on specialized regions within the brain that process, link or integrate elementary or new, as well as stored, information into increasingly complex wholes. Such regions are termed association areas and are thought to be the neuroanatomical substrate for such higher functions as memory, emotion, perception, language, spatial and problem-solving skills, as well as the planning and execution of behavioral responses.
Frontal association cortices, as the name implies, are located in the more anterior aspects of the frontal lobes and include dorsolateral, orbitofrontal, and premotor areas. While various feedback loops are likely involved including those from the posterior and limbic association areas, conceptually, the initial decisions and...
References and Readings
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