Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Projection Pathways

  • John E. MendozaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_688


Fiber bundles in the brain that interconnect cortical with subcortical structures. These contrast with the commissures and association pathways which connect the two hemispheres and different cortical areas within the same hemisphere, respectively. While some corticobulbar or corticospinal projection pathways may decussate once they reach the brainstem, these pathways largely remain ipsilateral within the brain itself. Among the most prominent of these pathways are the internal, external and extreme capsules, and the optic radiations. The capsules provide a means for the cortex to influence the basal ganglia, the thalamus, and other subcortical structures. The internal capsule, the largest of the three, also contains major corticospinal, corticopontine, and other corticobulbar fibers which allow the cortex to control movements of the face, eyes, head, trunk, and limbs, as well as supply information regarding its intentions to the cerebellum. At the level of the midbrain...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and NeuroscienceTulane Medical School and SE Louisiana Veterans Healthcare SystemNew OrleansUSA