Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Anthony Y. StringerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_673


Physical medicine; Rehabilitation medicine


Physiatry, also referred to as Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R), is the branch of medicine focusing on the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients with impairment or disability as a result of neurological, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, pulmonary, or other diseases and conditions. The American Board of Medical Specialties recognized PM&R as a specialty in 1947. Since that time, PM&R has developed subspecialties in Brain Injury, Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Neuromuscular Medicine, Pain Medicine, Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, Spinal Cord Injury, and Sports Medicine. Rather than focusing on diseases of a single organ system, physiatrists address the functioning of the whole person utilizing a variety of modalities including drugs, exercise, heat, hydrotherapy, braces, prosthetics, and adaptive devices. Physiatrists often work in interdisciplinary settings that treat patients with stroke,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Braddom, R. L. (2014). Physical medicine and rehabilitation (4th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA