Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Mishkin, Mortimer (1926–)

  • Bonnie C. SachsEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_638

Major Appointments


  • Dr. Mortimer Mishkin began his career in neuroscience as a research assistant in the Departments of Physiology and Psychiatry at Yale University in 1949, conducting research for his doctoral degree in the areas of visual perception in primates. As part of his postdoctoral fellowship, he conducted research at the primate neurobehavioral research laboratory at the Institute of Living in Hartford, Connecticut. He concurrently worked at New York University’s Bellevue Medical Center. In 1955, he joined the newly established Section of Neuropsychology in the Laboratory of Psychology at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) in Bethesda, Maryland, as a research psychologist, where he has remained. In 1979, he assumed responsibilities as the chief of the Section on Cerebral Mechanisms at the NIMH and, in 1980, became chief of the Laboratory of Neuropsychology. In 1994, he also became associate director of basic research for the Intramural Research Program...

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References and Readings

  1. (1986). Awards for distinguished scientific contributions: Mortimer Mishkin American Psychologist, 41, 342–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Albus, J. S., Bekey, G. A., Holland, J. H., Kanwisher, N. G., Krichmar, J. L., Mishkin, M., et al. (2007). A proposal for the decade of the mind initiative. Science, 317, 1321.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  4. Bachevalier, J. B., & Mishkin, M. (1986). Visual recognition impairment follows ventromedial but not dorsolateral prefrontal lesions in monkeys. Behavioural Brain Research, 20, 249–261.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Baddeley, A., Vargha-Khadem, F., & Mishkin, M. (2001). Preserved recognition in a case of developmental amnesia: Implications for the acquisition of semantic memory? Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 357–369.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown, T. S., Rosvold, H. E., & Mishkin, M. (1963). Olfactory discrimination after temporal lobe lesions in monkeys. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 56, 190–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dorff, J. E., Mirsky, A. F., & Mishkin, M. (1965). Effects of unilateral temporal lobe removals in man on tachistoscopic recognition in the left and right visual fields. Neuropsychologia, 3, 39–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Haxby, J. V., Grady, C. L., Horwitz, B., Ungerleider, L. G., Mishkin, M., Carson, R. E., et al. (1991). Dissociation of object and spatial visual processing pathways in human extrastriate cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 88, 621–1625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mishkin, M. (1957). Effects of small frontal lesions on delayed alternation in monkeys. Journal of Neurophysiology, 20, 615–622.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Mishkin, M. (1978). Memory in monkeys severely impaired by combined but not by separate removal of amygdale and hippocampus. Nature, 273, 297–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mishkin, M. (1993). Cerebral memory circuits. In T. A. Poggio & D. A. Glaser (Eds.), Exploring brain functions: Models in neuroscience (pp. 113–126). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  12. Mishkin, M. (2007). Cognitive memory and the hierarchical organization of the hippocampal system. Video retrieved Nov 18, 2009 from the Krasnow Institute for Advanced Study at George Mason University Web site: http://www.krasnow.gmu.edu/decade/video3.htm.
  13. Mishkin, M., & Forgays, D. G. (1952). Word recognition as a function of retinal locus. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 43, 43–48.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Mishkin, M., & Manning, F. J. (1978). Nonspatial memory after selective prefrontal lesions in monkeys. Brain Research, 143, 313–323.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Mishkin, M., & Petri, H. L. (1984). Memories and habits: Some implications for the analysis of learning and retention. In L. R. Squire & N. Butters (Eds.), Neuropsychology of memory (pp. 287–296). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  16. Mishkin, M., & Pribram, K. H. (1955). Analysis of the effects of frontal lesions in monkeys: I. Variations of delayed alternation. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 48, 492–495.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Mishkin, M., & Pribram, K. H. (1956). Analysis of the effects of frontal lesions in monkeys: II. Variations of delayed response. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 49, 36–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Mishkin, M., & Ungerleider, L. G. (1982). Contribution of striate inputs to the visuospatial functions of parieto-preoccipital cortex in monkeys. Behavioural Brain Research, 6, 57–77.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Mishkin, M., Lewis, M. E., & Ungerleider, L. G. (1982). Equivalence of parieto-preoccipital subareas for visuospatial ability in monkeys. Behavioural Brain Research, 6, 41–55.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Mishkin, M., Ungerleider, L. G., & Macko, K. A. (1983). Object vision and spatial vision: Two cortical pathways. Trends in Neurosciences, 6, 414–417.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mishkin, M., Suzuki, W., Gadian, D. G., & Vargha-Khadem, F. (1997). Hierarchical organization of cognitive memory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 352, 1461–1467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mishkin, M., Vargha-Khadem, F., & Gadian, D. G. (1998). Amnesia and the organization of the hippocampal system. Hippocampus, 8, 212–216.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Pribram, K. H., & Mishkin, M. (1956). Analysis of the effects of frontal lesions in monkeys: III. Object alternation. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 49, 41–45.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Society for Neuroscience (2006). Society for Neuroscience archival interview: Mortimer Mishkin, Ph.D. http://sfn.org/index.aspx?pagename=HistoryofNeuroscience_videos. Retrieved 19 Nov 2009.
  25. Ungerleider, L. G., & Mishkin, M. (1982). In two cortical visual systems. In D. J. Ingle, R. J. W. Mansfield, & M. A. Goodale (Eds.), The analysis of visual behavior (pp. 549–586). Cambridge, MA: MIT.Google Scholar
  26. Vargha-Khadem, F., Gadian, D. G., Watkins, K. E., Connelly, A., Van Paesschen, W., & Mishkin, M. (1997). Differential effects of early hippocampal pathology on episodic and semantic memory. Science, 277, 376–380.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Zola-Morgan, S., Squire, L. R., & Mishkin, M. (1982). The neuroanatomy of amnesia: Amygdala-hippocampus vs. temporal stem. Science, 218, 1337–1339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Parkinson’s and Movement Disorders CenterVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA