Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction

  • Linda McWhorterEmail author
  • Susan K. Johnson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_579

Synonyms

Temporomandibular disease and TMJ; Temporomandibular dysfunction; Temporomandibular joint disorder

Short Description

The temporomandibular joint, where the lower jaw or mandible connects with the skull, is located in front of each ear. Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) can be caused by injury to the joint, degenerative diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, and parafunction of the jaw (tooth grinding/clenching), and in some cases there is no known cause. Symptoms include jaw pain, headaches, limited range of motion, the jaw getting “stuck” in the open or closed position, and/or popping and clicking sounds on opening. These symptoms can interfere with speech, eating, and sleeping, resulting in additional psychosocial effects and health risks (Table 1).
Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction, Table 1

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

Group I

Group II (left and right)

Group III (left and right)

Myofascial pain disorder

 Ia. Myofascial pain

 Ib. Myofascial pain with limited opening

D...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA