Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Jane AustinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_559


Autoimmune thyroiditis; Congenital hypothyroidism; Cretinism; Goitrous hypothyroidism; Hashimoto disease; Hashimoto thyroiditis; Hypothyrodisis; Hypothyroidea; Idiopathic hypothyroidism; Primary hypothyroidism; Secondary hypothyroidism; Subclinical hypothyroidism; Thyroiditis


Hypothyroidism is a disorder of the endocrine system, which is a result of insufficient thyroid hormone.

Current Knowledge

Hypothyroid Disorder

Hypothyroidism refers to the insufficient production of thyroid hormones. Primary hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce adequate amounts of thyroid hormone. Secondary causes of hypothyroidism occur when the pituitary gland fails to release adequate levels of thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone) or when the hypothalamus does not release sufficient thyrotropin-releasing hormone (Devdhar et al. 2007). Hypothyroidism can be acquired or congenital and varies in severity ranging from subclinical to clinical manifestations...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWilliam Paterson UniversityWayneUSA