Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Gulf War Syndrome

  • Gudrun LangeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_555


Gulf war illness (GWI); Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS)

Short Description or Definition

Almost 700,000 US service personnel served in Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm in 1990 and 1991, respectively. Following their service, many veterans who returned reported persistent medical and psychiatric symptoms including chronic fatigue, rash, headache, arthralgias/myalgias, gastrointestinal complaints, impotence, sleep problems, difficulties in concentrating, memory loss, irritability, nervousness, tenseness, depressed mood, and other emotional changes. This constellation of symptoms has been called Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) or Gulf War Illness (GWI). Symptoms reported by some Gulf War veterans generally affect multiple organ systems and are not consistently associated with any objective physical signs or laboratory abnormalities. Symptom profiles are similar to those of other symptom-based conditions such as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) Fibromyalgia (FM) and Irritable...

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References and Readings

  1. Cooper, C. M., Briggs, R. W., Farris, E. A., Bartlett, J., Haley, R. W., & Odegard, T. N. (2016). Memory and functional brain differences in a national sample of U.S. veterans with Gulf War illness. Psychiatry Research, 250, 33–41.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pain and Fatigue Study CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Mount Sinai Beth Israel Medical CenterNew YorkUSA