Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic bronchitis; COPD; Emphysema
Short Description or Definition
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) statement regarding the diagnosis, management, and prevention of COPD (GOLD 2015) defines COPD as a disease that is “characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways and the lung to noxious particles or gases.” The definition includes the fact that exacerbations and comorbidities contribute to the overall severity of disease in individual patients. The GOLD initiative was organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) with the first GOLD report published in 2001. The most recent GOLD report and additional information about definitions, diagnosis, treatment, and research can be found at www.goldcopd.com.
COPD has traditionally been defined by severity of airflow...
References and Readings
- Anthonisen, N. R., & Manfred, J. (2004). Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In J. D. Crapo, J. Glassroth, J. B. Karlinsky, & T. E. King (Eds.), Baum’s textbook of pulmonary diseases (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
- Global Initiative for Chonric Obstructive Lung Disease. (2015). Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease- updated 2015. Global Initiative for Choronic Obstructive Lung Disease, Inc.Google Scholar
- Hopkins, R. O., & Bigler, E. D. (2001). Pulmonary disorders. In R. E. Tarter, M. Butters, & S. R. Beers (Eds.), Medical neuropsychology (2nd ed., pp. 247–266). New York: Kluwer/Plenum.Google Scholar
- Kozora, E., Emery, C., Kaplan, R. M., Wamboldt, F. S., Zhang, L., & Make, B. J. (2008). Cognitive and psychological issues in emphysema. Proceedings of the ATS, 5(4), 556–560.Google Scholar
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- Make, B. (2004). Pulmonary rehabilitation. In J. D. Crapo, J. Glassroth, J. B. Karlinsky, & T. E. King (Eds.), Baum’s textbook of pulmonary diseases (7th ed., pp. 289–307). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
- McSweeny, A. J., & Labuhn, K. T. (1996). The relationship of neuropsychological functioning to health-related quality of life in systemic medical disease: The example of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In I. Grant & K. M. Adams (Eds.), Neuropsychological assessment of neuropsychiatric disorders (pp. 577–602). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar