Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Paralysis Agitans

  • Yana SuchyEmail author
  • Angela Eastvold
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_505

Synonyms

Parkinson’s; Parkinson’s disease; Parkinsonism; Shaking palsy

Definition

Paralysis agitans is a term initially introduced in 1817 by the British physician, James Parkinson, and literally means “shaking palsy.” It refers to a progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system caused by the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells in the substantia nigra and characterized by postural instability, bradykinesia, rigidity, and tremors. This disorder became known as Parkinson’s disease in the 1860s.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Lew, M. (2007). Overview of Parkinson’s disease. Pharmacotherapy, 27(12-2), 155S–160S.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyThe University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA