Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Multi-infarct Dementia

  • Holly Rau
  • Yana Suchy
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_495

Synonyms

Cerebrovascular dementia; Dementia in stroke; Subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD); Vascular cognitive impairment; Vascular dementia

Definition

Multi-infarct dementia is a vascular dementia syndrome characterized by cognitive decline resulting from the combined effects of multiple ischemic lesions in the brain. Ischemic lesions include large and small cortical and subcortical infarcts, lacunar infarcts, and diffuse white matter ischemic changes. This particular subtype of vascular dementia, in which multiple infarcts (i.e., dead tissue areas) are present, is contrasted with cognitive impairment caused by other forms of cerebrovascular change (i.e., small vessel dementia, hemorrhagic cerebrovascular dementia, strategic infarct dementia, etc.).

Historical Background

The term multi-infarct dementia, coined by Hachinski in 1974, was initially used to describe dementia due to vascular pathology. In 1985, Loeb introduced the term vascular dementia to refer to a global class...

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References and Readings

  1. Brien, J. T., & Thomas, A. (2015). Vascular dementia. Lancet, 386(10004), 1698–1706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Erkinjuntti, T. (2007). Vascular cognitive deterioration and stroke: Review. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 24(1 supp), 189–194.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Goetz, C. G. (2007). Textbook of clinical neurology (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders.Google Scholar
  4. Moore, D. P., & Jefferson, J. W. (2004). Handbook of medical psychiatry (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: Mosby.Google Scholar
  5. Rodríguez García, P. L., & Rodríguez García, D. (2015). Diagnosis of vascular cognitive impairment and its main categories. Neurología, 30(4), 223–239.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Smith, G. E., & Bondi, M. W. (2013). Mild cognitive impairment and dementia. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holly Rau
    • 1
  • Yana Suchy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA