Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Ménière’s Syndrome

  • Theslee Joy DePieroEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_466

Synonyms

Endolymphatic hydrops; Ménière’s disease

Definition

Ménière’s syndrome consists of recurrent episodes of vertigo, lasting minutes to hours (or longer), which may be accompanied by tinnitus and hearing loss.

Current Knowledge

Epidemiology

Ménière’s syndrome affects men and women equally. The onset is most often in the fifth decade but can occur earlier or later.

Etiology

Onset is usually sporadic, with no known cause. The syndrome may occur in patients with prior ear damage due to viral or bacterial infection, commonly in childhood. There may be a history of hearing loss. Transmission is hereditary (may be dominant or recessive).

Pathology

Ménière’s syndrome is characterized by increased volume of endolymph (the fluid inside the semicircular canals), causing distention of the endolymphatic system.

Clinical

Ménière’s syndrome is characterized by the sudden onset of severe vertigo (spinning sensation), accompanied by nausea and, sometimes, vomiting. The patient is frequently...

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References and Readings

  1. Brandt, T., Zwergal, A., & Strupp, M. (2009). Medical treatment of vestibular disorders. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, 10(10), 1537–1548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Pullens, B., Giard, J. L., Verschuur, H. P., & van Benthem, P. P. (2010). Surgery for ménière's disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 20(1), CD005395.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Braintree Rehabilitation HospitalBoston University School of MedicineBostonUSA