Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Chorea

  • Anna DePold HohlerEmail author
  • Marcus Ponce de Leon
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_446

Synonyms

Dance-like

Definition

Chorea is characterized by brief, irregular muscle contractions that are not repetitive or rhythmic but appear to flow from one muscle to the next. They may appear as dance-like movements of the limbs, trunk, or head. Typical movements include facial grimacing, shoulder adduction, and finger extension and contractions. They can be associated with snakelike writhing movements of the hands or feet known as athetosis.

Current Knowledge

Chorea is a feature of Huntington’s disease and may be present with rheumatic fever. It can be seen as a side effect of the medication levodopa or the dopamine agonists and may result from metabolic disorders, endocrine disorders, and vascular incidents.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Marshall, F. J. (2004). Clinical features and treatment of Huntington’s disease. In R. L. Watts & W. C. Koller (Eds.), Movement disorders (2nd ed., pp. 589–603). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Boston University Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Madigan Army Medical CenterTacomaUSA