Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Group Therapy

  • Jeffrey G. KuentzelEmail author
  • Elise K. Hodges
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_401


Group therapy (or group counseling) is a form of psychotherapeutic intervention characterized by a group format (i.e., several patients meeting with a therapist together).

Historical Background

Though nonclinical forerunners of group psychological interventions, such as mass religious or political movements, have taken place for millennia, it is believed that the first therapeutic groups conducted by physicians occurred in the early twentieth century (Rosenbaum and Patterson 1995). Joseph Pratt is recognized for having initiated therapy groups as early as 1905. Pratt led “thought control classes,” inspirational lectures, and group discussions with hospitalized tuberculosis patients, in Boston, Massachusetts (Barlow et al. 2005). Pratt sought to increase adherence with medical regimens in his patients but also found that his group meetings resulted in strengthened hope for recovery and lifting of morale. Around the same time, J. L. Moreno was beginning the development of...

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References and Readings

  1. American Group Psychotherapy Association. (2007). Practice guidelines for group psychotherapy. www.agpa.org
  2. Ballinger, B., & Yalom, I. D. (1995). Group therapy in practice. In B. Bongar & L. E. Beutler (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychotherapy: Theory and practice (pp. 189–204). New York: Oxford.Google Scholar
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  16. Parcover, J. A., Dunton, E. C., Gehlert, K. M., & Mitchell, S. L. (2006). Getting the most from group counseling in college counseling centers. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 31(1), 37–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  18. Schechtman, Z. (2007). Group counseling and psychotherapy with children and adolescents: Theory, research, and practice. Mahwah: L. Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wayne State UniversityDetroitUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, Neuropsychology DivisionUniversity of Michigan Health SystemAnn ArborUSA