Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

International Classification of Diseases

  • Alan WeintraubEmail author
  • Anuj Sharma
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_40


International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems


The ICD is an international standard diagnostic classification system and is the foundation for identifying health trends and statistics globally. As a diagnostic coding tool, clinicians and other providers, researchers, health informatics specialists, and policy makers utilize ICD to better understand general epidemiology, global health management, and clinical decision-making for specific populations. This system is the standard utilized to monitor the incidence and prevalence of disease and analyze the general health of a specific population. In addition to allowing for the storage and retrieval of diagnostic information, these records are used to compile national mortality and morbidity statistics. Additionally, ICD is used for resource allocation decisions and reimbursement for health conditions by many countries.

Current Knowledge

In 1893, the first International List of Causes of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Gersenovic, M. (1995). The ICD family of classifications. Methods of Information in Medicine, 34(1–2), 172–175.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Israel, R. A. (1991). The history of the international classification of diseases. Health Bulletin, 49(1), 62–66.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Reed, G. M. (2010). Toward ICD-11: Improving the clinical utility of WHOs international classification of mental disorders. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(6), 457–464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Steindel, SJ. (2010). Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association 17(3), 274–282.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. World Health Organization. (2009). International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/
  6. World Health Organization. (2014). International classification of diseases.Google Scholar
  7. World Health Organization. (2015). ICD revision timelines.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Craig HospitalRocky Mountain Regional Brain Injury SystemEnglewoodUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Commonwealth University School of MedicineRichmondUSA