Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Hydrocephalus

  • Gary TyeEmail author
  • John Brown
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_324

Definition

Hydrocephalus is a condition resulting from inadequate drainage or absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the brain.

Current Knowledge

Introduction

Hydrocephalus is a common pediatric disorder, resulting from inadequate drainage or absorption of CSF. This is most commonly due to obstruction to flow, although overproduction of CSF secondary to tumor formation may be a rarely occurring cause (Rekate 2008). The excess of fluid may lead to dilation of the ventricles (Fig. 1) and subsequent elevation of ICP, which can further cause damage to surrounding neural tissue, resulting in neurologic deficits such as ataxia, impaired cognitive function, and endocrine disorders (Del Bigio 2001; Kaiser et al. 1989; Sorensen et al. 1986).
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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NeurosurgeryVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Medical College of GeorgiaAugustaUSA