Minimally Conscious State
Minimally responsive state
Short Description or Definition
The minimally conscious state (MCS) is a point along a continuum of consciousness in which the patient demonstrates limited awareness of self and the environment. MCS is characterized by inconsistent but appropriate verbal or gestural response, intelligible verbalization, and nonreflexive purposeful behavior.
MCS was a term created to differentially describe patients with partial consciousness and limited cognitive function from those in a vegetative state, who have no consciousness or cognitive function. MCS was defined by The Aspen Neurobehavioral Conference Work Group (Giacino et al. 2002) as “a condition of severely altered consciousness in which minimal, but definite, behavioral evidence of self or environmental awareness is demonstrated.” The Aspen Work Group developed the definition in response to inappropriate false-positive and false-negative diagnoses of vegetative state, the lack of...
References and Readings
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