Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Benton, Arthur (1909–2006)

  • Steven W. AndersonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2231

Landmark Clinical, Scientific, and Professional Contributions

  • Arthur Benton was one of the pioneering figures in clinical neuropsychology. Beginning in the 1940s, he introduced and applied novel and objective assessment techniques that provided a basis for fundamental brain-behavior studies in aphasia, visuospatial abilities, hemispheric specialization, and other cognitive processes. Through the development of standardized tasks that stressed specific abilities, together with the collection of data from neurological patients and normal comparison subjects, he was able to bring increased reliability and sensitivity to the mental status exam, helping to establish neuropsychology as a valuable clinical entity. He developed a number of neuropsychological tests that have been in wide use in clinical and research settings worldwide for several decades, including the Visual Retention Test, Judgment of Line Orientation, Three-Dimensional Block Construction, and Facial Recognition. He advocated...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA