Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Pure Motor Stroke

  • Elliot J. RothEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2200


In a pure motor stroke, the only symptoms are motor dysfunction. Although hemiplegia (or hemiparesis) is most common, this can present with monoplegia or monoparesis, quadriplegia or quadriparesis, or another pattern of limb paralysis or weakness. There is a striking lack of other typical symptoms of stroke such as aphasia, cognitive deficits, sensory loss, or others. It is one of the lacunar stroke syndromes, most commonly caused by infarction of the posterior limb of the internal capsule, located in the deep white matter of the brain, but it also may be caused by an infarction in the pons.


References and Readings

  1. Gerraty, R. P., Parsons, M. W., Barber, P. A., Darby, D. G., Desmond, P. M., Tress, B. M., et al. (2002). Examining the lacunar hypothesis with diffusion and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging. Stroke, 33, 2019–2024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Lodder, J., & Gorsselink, E. L. (2009). Progressive stroke caused by CT-verified small deep infarcts: Relation with the size of the infarct and clinical outcome. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 71, 328–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Norrving, B., & Staaf, G. (1991). Pure motor stroke from presumed lacunar infarct: Incidence, risk factors and initial course. Cerebrovascular Diseases, 1, 203–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationNorthwestern University, Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA