Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)

  • Bruce J. DiamondEmail author
  • Joseph E. Mosley
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2158

Synonyms

Brain arteriovenous malformation; Cerebral malformation; Vascular malformation

Short Description or Definition

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are irregular, anomalous, abnormal, or faulty formations or structures connecting the arteries and veins (Webster 2006). Intracranial hemorrhage is a potential complication in patients with arteriovenous malformations of the brain (AMB) (Stapf et al. 2006).

Etiology

AVMs arise about 3 weeks after conception, at the time when blood vessels are dividing into veins and arteries (Stein and Wolpertson 1980). It has been suggested that AVMs are dynamic and have the ability to grow, regress, and regenerate following obliteration by surgery or radiosurgery (Moftakhar et al. 2009). It is hypothesized that the altered expression of more than 900 genes is involved in the pathogenesis of AVMs (Moftakhar et al. 2009).

Epidemiology

AVMs are the most common type of clinically significant vascular malformation, occurring almost exclusively in the...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWilliam Paterson UniversityWayneUSA