Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Rey 15 Item Test

  • Kenneth PodellEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_211


15 Item Test; FIT; Rey’s memory test


The Rey 15 Item Test (FIT) is used to assess symptom validity or feigned memory impairment. It is one of the most commonly used symptom validity tests (SVTs) of feigned memory deficits (reported as the second most commonly used by Slick et al. 2004) in spite of the research evidence showing its poor sensitivity to feigned memory impairment (Strauss et al. 2006; Vallabhajosula and van Gorp 2001; Vickery et al. 2001). Its common use, despite its poor clinical utility, has to do with its low cost (no materials to purchase), availability, and ease of administration (5 min or less).

The stimulus consist of a 3 × 5 matrix of meaningful symbols (see Frederick 2002; Strauss et al. 2006 for a picture and more details). Each row represents a sequential series of three symbols. Although the task may seem difficult because it contains 15items, it is actually a very simple test because chunking of stimuli makes them very easy to remember....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Arnett, P. A., Hammeke, T. A., & Schwartz, L. (1995). Quantitative and qualitative performance on Rey’s 15-item Test in neurological patients and dissimulators. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 9, 17–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bernard, L. C., & Fowler, W. (1990). Assessing the validity of memory complaints: Performance of brain-damaged and normal individuals on Rey’s task to detect malingering. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46, 432–436.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boone, K. B., Salazasr, X., Lu, P., Warner-Chacon, K., & Razani, J. (2002). The Rey 15-Item recognition trial: A technique to enhance sensitivity of the Rey 15-Item Memorization Test. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24, 561–573.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Constantinou, M., & McCaffery, R. J. (2003). Using the TOMM for evaluating children’s effort to perform optimally on neuropsychological measures. Child Neuropsychology, 9, 81–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Erdal, K. (2004). The effects of motivation, coaching, and knowledge of neuropsychology on the simulated malingering of head injury. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 19, 73–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Frederick, R. I. (2002). A review of Rey’s strategies for detecting malingered neuropsychological impairment. Journal of Forensic Neuropsychology, 2, 1–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Goldberg, J. O., & Miller, H. R. (1986). Performance on psychiatric inpatients and intellectually deficient individuals on a task that assess the validity of memory complaints. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 792–795.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Grieffenstein, M. F., Baker, W. J., & Gola, T. (1996). Comparison of multiple scoring methods for Rey’smalingered amnesia measures. Achieves of Clinical Neuropsychology, 11, 283–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Griffin, G. A., Normington, J., & Glassmire, D. M. (1996). Qualitative dimensions in scoring the Rey Visual Memory Test of malingering. Psychological Assessment, 8, 383–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Griffin, G. A., Glassmire, D. M., Henderson, E. A., & McCann, C. (1997). Rey II: Redesigning the Rey screening test of malingering. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 53, 757–766.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Iverson, G. L., & Franzen, M. D. (1996). Using multiple object memory procedures to detect simulated malingering. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 8, 1–14.Google Scholar
  12. Lezak, M. D., Howieson, D. B., & Loring, D. W. (2004). Neuropsychological assessment (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Millis, S. R., & Kler, S. (1995). Limitations of the Rey 15-Item Test in the detection of malingering. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 9, 241–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Palmer, B., Boone, K. B., Allman, L., & Castro, D. B. (1995). Co-occurrence of brain lesions and cognitive deficit exaggeration. Clinical Neuropsychologist, 9, 68–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Paul, D. S., Franzen, M. D., Cohen, S. H., & Premouw, W. (1992). An investigation into the reliability and validity of two tests used in the detection of dissimulation. International Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 14, 1–9.Google Scholar
  16. Reznek, L. (2005). The Rey 15-Item Memory Test for malingering: A meta-analysis. Brain Injury, 19, 539–543.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Slick, D. J., Tan, J. E., Strauss, E. H., & Hultsch, D. F. (2004). Detecting malingering: A survey of experts’ practices. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 19, 465–473.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Strauss, E., Sherman, E. M. S., & Spreen, O. (2006). A compendium of neuropsychological tests: Administration, norms, and commentary (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Vallabhajosula, B., & van Gorp, W. G. (2001). Post-Daubert admissibility of scientific evidence on malingering of cognitive deficits. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 29, 207–215.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Vickery, C. D., Berry, D. T. R., Hanlon Iman, T., Harris, M. J., & Orey, S. A. (2001). Detection of inadequate effort on neuropsychological testing: A meta-analytic review of selected procedures. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 16, 454–473.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Houston Methodist HospitalHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Henry Ford Health SystemsDetroitUSA