Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-HaynerEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2093


Irritability is a term generally used to explain an emotional state and is characterized by an excessive response to stimuli. The term is used in many circumstances ranging from a child or parent dealing with an uncomfortable environment to very serious issues such as autism and other psychological disorders, acute or chronic infection, chronic disease, brain injury, and so on. Irritability may be demonstrated in behavioral responses to physiological and behavioral stimuli such as environmental or emotional stimuli. Irritability is not a symptom of any specific illness; however, it may be used as an early sign of serious problems.


References and Readings

  1. Ding, C. (2005). Applications of multidimensional scaling profile analysis in developmental research: An example using adolescent irritability patterns. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29(3), 185–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Faraday, M., Scheufele, P., Ley, K., & Grunberg, N. (2005). A shortened psychophysical task to quantify irritability: The reactive irritability scale II (RIS-II). Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 28(1), 3–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Farchione, T., Birmaher, B., Axelson, D., Kalas, C., Monk, K., Ehmann, M., et al. (2007). Aggression, hostility, and irritability in children at risk for bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disorders, 9(5), 496–503.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Godlaski, A., & Giancola, P. (2009). Executive functioning, irritability, and alcohol-related aggression. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 23(3), 391–403.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Paxinos, G. (1975). The septum: Neural systems involved in eating, drinking, irritability, muricide, copulation, and activity in rats. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 89(10), 1154–1168.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA