Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Orlando SánchezEmail author
  • Martha Brownlee-Duffeck
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2068


Battle fatigue; PTSD; Railway spine; Shell shock


The criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were revised in 2013 when the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders launched their fifth edition (DSM-5 2013). Currently, two sets of criteria exist to diagnose PTSD, one corresponding to individuals older than 6 years and another corresponding to children 6 years and younger (i.e., PTSD preschool subtype). According to the DSM-5, for an individual older than 6 years to be diagnosed with (PTSD), he/she must have been exposed to a traumatic event in one or more of the following ways: (1) directly experienced the event, (2) personally witnessed the event, (3) discovered that the event happened to a family member or close friend (if this event concerned actual or threatened death of a friend or family member, the situation must have been accidental or violent), and (4) experienced ongoing or extreme personal exposure to details associated with trauma;...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Minneapolis VA Health Care SystemMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Harry S. Truman MemorialColumbiaUSA