Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Lauren StuttsEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2060



Short Description or Definition

Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage” (International Association for the Study of Pain 1994). Neuropathic pain is described as pain that occurs in the peripheral or central nervous system (Bennett 2010). On the other hand, psychogenic/psychosomatic pain is defined as pain stemming from psychological or behavioral factors (Taylor 2008).


Pain is typically categorized as either acute or chronic (Straub 2014). Acute pain lasts for fewer than 6 months and typically responds to treatment, whereas chronic pain lasts longer than 6 months. Chronic pain can be constant, intermittent, and/or progressive. Furthermore, there are a myriad pain conditions from fibromyalgia to complex regional pain syndrome to trigeminal neuralgia, among others.


Based on...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Bennett, M. I. (2010). Neuropathic pain (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. DeGood, D. E., & Tait, R. C. (2001). Assessment of pain beliefs and pain coping. In D. C. Turk & R. Melzack (Eds.), Handbook of pain assessment (pp. 320–345). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  3. Dworkin, S. F., & Sherman, J. J. (2001). Relying on objective and subjective measures of chronic pain: Guidelines for use and interpretation. In D. C. Turk & R. Melzack (Eds.), Handbook of pain assessment (pp. 619–638). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Ernst, E., Lee, M. S., & Choi, T. (2011). Acupuncture: Does it alleviate pain and are there serious risks? A review of reviews. Pain, 152(4), 755–764.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pain.2010.11.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. International Association for the Study of Pain. (1994). Part III: Pain terms: A current list with definitions and notes on usage. In Merskey & Bogduk (Eds.), Classification of chronic pain (2nd ed., pp. 209–214). Seattle: IASP Press.Google Scholar
  6. Jacob, M. C., & Kerns, R. D. (2001). Assessment of the psychosocial context of the experience of chronic pain. In D. C. Turk & R. Melzack (Eds.), Handbook of pain assessment (pp. 362–384). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  7. Jensen, M. P., & Karoly, P. (2001). Self-report scales and procedures for assessing pain in adults. In D. C. Turk & R. Melzack (Eds.), Handbook of pain assessment (pp. 15–34). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  8. Jensen, M. P., & Karoly, P. (2008). Survey of pain attitudes: Professional manual. Lutz: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  9. Lutgendorf, S. K., Lang, E. V., Berbaum, K. S., Russell, D., Berbaum, M. L., Logan, H., et al. (2007). Effects of age on responsiveness to adjunct hypnotic analgesia during invasive medical procedures. Psychosomatic Medicine, 69, 191–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Melzack, R. (1975). The McGill pain questionnaire: Major properties and scoring methods. Pain, 1, 277–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Melzack, R., & Wall, P. D. (1965). Pain mechanisms: A new theory. Science, 150, 971–979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Nahin, R. L. (2015). Estimates of pain prevalence and severity in adults: United States, 2012. The Journal of Pain, 16, 769–780.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Price, D. D., Riley, J. L., III, & Wade, J. B. (2001). Psychophysiological approaches to the measurement of the dimensions and stages of pain. In D. C. Turk & R. Melzack (Eds.), Handbook of pain assessment (pp. 53–76). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  14. Robinson, M. E., Riley, J. L., Myers, C. D., Sadler, I. J., Kvall, S. A., Geisser, M. E., & Keefe, F. J. (1997). The coping strategies questionnaire: A large sample item level factor analysis. Clinical Journal of Pain, 13, 43–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Straub, R. O. (2014). Health psychology: A biopsychosocial approach (4th ed.). New York: Worth.Google Scholar
  16. Taylor, S. E. (2008). Health psychology (7th ed.). Boston: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  17. Tsui, S. L., Chen, P. P., & Ng, K. F. J. (2010). Pain medicine: A multidisciplinary approach. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health and Human ValuesDavidson CollegeDavidsonUSA