Counseling relationship; Helping alliance; Therapeutic alliance; Therapeutic bond; Working alliance
The working relationship developed between the therapist and client within the context of therapy and in pursuit of therapeutic objectives and goals. While there are many components of the alliance, it can best be understood as a combination of the interpersonal relationship between the counselor and client, and the collaborative structuring of that relationship to meet the goals of therapy.
The relationship between the client and counselor has been a recognized essential component of counseling since the inception of psychotherapy, and was first described by Freud. In 1965, Greenson established the term “working alliance” to describe the components of the relationship that contribute to progress in therapy. Recent literature has focused on investigating the influence of the relationship on therapy outcomes. Research has established the...
References and Readings
- Denneson, L. M., Cromer, R., Williams, H. B., Pisciotta, M., & Dobscha, S. K. (2017). A qualitative analysis of how online access to mental health notes is changing clinician perceptions of power and the therapeutic relationship. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 19(6), e208. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.6915.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Egan, G. (2007). The helping relationship: Values in action. In G. Egan (Ed.), The skilled helper: A problem-management and opportunity-development approach to helping (8th ed., pp. 47–68). Belmont: Thomson Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
- Horvath, A. O., Del Re, A. C., Flückiger, C., & Symonds, D. (2011). The alliance. In J. C. Norcross (Ed.), Relationships that work. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hubble, M., Duncan, B., & Miller, S. (2008). The heart and soul of change. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
- Klonoff, P. (2010). Psychotherapy after brain injury: Principles and Techniques. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Ruff, R., & Chester, S. (2014). Effective psychotherapy for individuals with brain injury. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar