Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Alcoholism

  • Glenn S. AshkanaziEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2050

Synonyms

Alcohol abuse; Alcohol addiction; Alcohol dependence; Problem drinking; Substance abuse

Definition

The term “alcoholism” has a variety of definitions. For some, it is a disease that makes a person dependent on alcohol and causes an obsession with alcohol and inability to control how much they drink even though their drinking causes serious problems in their relationships, health, work, and finances. Others do not define it as a “disease” per se but rather a “condition,” behavioral in nature, which results in continued consumption of alcohol despite health problems and negative social consequences. For some, the definition must include the concepts of addiction and physiological withdrawal mechanisms, while for others, these are consequences of drinking.

It is common for laypeople to equate any kind of excessive drinking with alcoholism. Those in the mental health fields see that disorders related to alcohol use lie along a continuum of severity that mayinclude physical...

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References and Readings

  1. Borsari, B., & Carey, K. (2001). Peer influences on college drinking: A review of the research. Journal of Substance Abuse, 13(4), 391–424.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  7. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Etiology and natural history of alcoholism. http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/social/module2etiology&naturalhistory/module2.html.
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  9. Reinert, D., & Allen, J. (2007). The alcohol use disorders identification test: An update of research findings. Alcoholism Clinical & Experimental Research, 31(2), 185–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Room, R., & Makela, K. (2000). Typologies of the cultural position of drinking. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 61(3), 475–483.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Schuckit, M. (2000). Drug and alcohol abuse: A clinical guide to diagnosis and treatment. New York: Kluwer/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and SAMHSAs National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information. http://ncadistore.samhsa.gov/catalog/facts.aspx?topic=3.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Clinical and Health Psychology ClinicCollege of Public Health and Health Professions, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA