Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Myers-Briggs Inventories

  • Stephanie A. Reid-ArndtEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_2027




The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a self-report personality inventory. Based on type theory proposed by Carl Jung, it was developed from a conceptualization of personality preferences as dichotomous constructs (i.e., a person is either an introvert or an extrovert). This framework contrasts with most personality tests, which are constructed based on trait theory, according to which personality is derived from habitual ways of thinking and behaving (traits) that exist on a continuum. The four preferences in the MBTI are extraversion-introversion (EI, oriented inward or outward), sensing-intuition (SN, reliance on sensorial information versus intuition), thinking-feeling (TF, tendency to make judgments based on logical analysis or personal values), and judgment-perception (JP, preference for using either TF or SN processes for interacting with the world). Because the four scales each have two dimensions, 16 personality types (letter combinations) can be...

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References and Readings

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Health Professions – Health PsychologyUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA