multiaxial evaluation; multi-faceted assessment
Definition and Historical Background
Multiaxial assessment refers to a system of evaluation grounded in the biopsychosocial model of disease. The multiaxial system facilitates the organization of complex case information while allowing for the consideration of patient heterogeneity (American Psychiatric Association 1994). Multiaxial assessment and diagnosis prior to 2014 occurred in accordance with the DSM-IV-TR (APA 2000) and the five axes comprising the multiaxial system. Axis I was used for the documentation of all psychiatric disorders with the exception of personality disorder and mental retardation, which were recorded on Axis II. Axis III was used to document medical conditions that may be contributing to the clinical presentation. Axis IV was used for the documentation of psychosocial and environmental problems relevant to the presenting condition. Axis V was comprised of the General Assessment of Functioning (GAF), a...
References and Readings
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