Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

CAGE Questionnaire

  • Myron GoldbergEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1978


The CAGE is one of a number of brief screening instruments designed to help in the detection of alcohol misuse. The instrument’s name is an acronym for questions about: Cutting down on drinking; Annoyance at other’s concern about drinking; feeling Guilty about drinking; and using alcohol as an Eye-opener in the morning. The CAGE can be rapidly administered in an interview format or written format and consists of the following four items: (1) “Have you ever felt that you should cut down on your drinking?”; (2) “Have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?”; (3) “Have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking?”; and (4) “Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your nerves or to get rid of a hangover (eye-opener)?” Individual item responses are scored in a binary fashion (“0” = “no” and “1” = “yes”). The total score can range from 0 to 4. A score of 2 or greater is typically considered a positive finding, that is, an indication of alcohol...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation MedicineUniversity of Washington Medical CenterSeattleUSA