Beck Depression Inventory
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck et al. 1961) is one of the most widely used self-report measures to assess depressive symptom severity in adolescents and adults. It was amended in 1979 to allow for simpler administration and scoring (BDI-IA; Beck et al. 1979). In 1996, a more substantial revision was made so it would correspond to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fourth Edition (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Association 1994) criteria for clinical depression (BDI-II; Beck et al. 1996b).
The BDI-II is a self-report measure comprised of 21 items reflecting specific cognitive, affective, and physical symptoms of depression. Scores range from 0 to 3, with higher numbers indicating greater symptom severity. If more than one statement from a given item is chosen by the patient, the statement of greatest severity is scored. The maximum total score is 63.
The BDI-II takes approximately 5–10 min to complete and can be...
References and Readings
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