Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Diffusion Tensor Imaging

  • Susan LadleyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_19

Synonyms

DTI

Definition

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that reveals the integrity of white matter tracts that link regions of the brain to each other.

DTI exploits the characteristic that water molecules are in constant motion. In regions such as the ventricles, which offer little physical constraint, movement occurs randomly in every direction. In contrast, water molecules in white matter fibers are constrained by the physical boundaries of the axon sheath, which cause greater movement along the long axis of the fiber than across it.

The diffusion properties of water molecules are studied within and between three-dimensional elements called voxels. The technique is called diffusion tensor imaging because a tensor, a mathematical description of the orientation and magnitude of diffusion, is computed for each voxel. Images acquired in different planes will highlight different white matter tracts or provide different views of them. Within a...

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References and Readings

  1. Bigler, E. D., & Maxwell, W. L. (2013). Neuroimaging correlates of functional outcome. In N. D. Zasler, D. I. Katz, & R. D. Zafonte (Eds.), Brain injury medicine: Principles and practice (2nd ed., pp. 279–300). New York: Demos Medical Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Choudhri, A., Chin, E., Blitz, A., & Gandhi, D. (2014). Diffusion tensor imaging of cerebral white matter: Technique, anatomy, and pathologic patterns. Radiologic Clinics of North America, 52(2), 413–425.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Kubal, W. (2012). Updated imaging of traumatic brain injury. Radiologic Clinics of North America, 50(1), 15–41.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Xu, J., Rasmussen, I.-A., Lagopoulos, J., & Haberg, A. (2007). Diffuse axonal injury in severe traumatic brain injury visualized using high-resolution diffusion tensor imaging. Journal of Neurotrauma, 24(5), 753–765.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Colorado, Denver Health Medical CenterDenverUSA