Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Delayed Response Tasks

  • Paul MalloyEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1885


Delayed alternation; Delayed matching-to-sample; Delayed nonmatching-to-sample; Delayed object alternation; Delayed spatial alternation


Delayed response (DR) tasks represent the classic paradigm for studying working memory in both animals and humans. Working memory refers to the temporary storage of information in a “buffer” for rehearsal and organization of new information, and frontal systems are thought to subserve this process. Frontal working memory systems are also involved in the active retrieval of previously stored information through temporal tagging and organization of retrieval strategies. The hippocampus and other posterior brain regions, in contrast, are thought to be more involved in memory consolidation and permanent storage. Studies utilizing DR tasks have been used to elucidate the neuroanatomical organization of memory systems in the brain through behavioral, lesion, and electrophysiological studies.

In DR tasks, information is presented to a...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Human BehaviorBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA