Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Advanced Progressive Matrices

  • Victoria M. LeavittEmail author
  • Erica Weber
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1870




First developed in the 1940s as an additional form of the Raven’s progressive matrices, the advanced progressive matrices (APM) were developed to test intellectual efficiency in people with greater than average intellectual ability and to differentiate clearly between people of superior ability. A nonverbal test of inductive reasoning, the APM contains 48 items, presented as one set of 12 (Set I) and another of 36 (Set II). As in the standard version of the test (SPM), items are presented in black ink on a white background and become increasingly difficult as progress is made through each set. Although it is an untimed task, some clinicians administer the APM under time constraints. Set II can be used without a time limit to assess the examinee’s total reasoning capacity. In this case, the examinee would first be shown the problems of Set I as examples to explain the principles of the test and would then be given approximately 1 h to complete the task....

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cognitive Neuroscience DivisionColumbia University Medical SchoolNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationKessler FoundationEast HanoverUSA