Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Participation Objective, Participation Subjective

  • Margaret BrownEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1826




The participation objective, participation subjective (POPS) is a 26-item instrument, with two scoring systems, reflecting different perspectives – one, on disability, insider’s perspective of their participation in home and community activities, and the other, reflecting societal/normative (“outsider”) valuations. The POPS measure differs from typical community integration (CI) instruments in several ways: (1) It focuses solely on activities, not on nonactivity indicators related to community functioning, for example, income. (2) It generates two measures: the PO, comprising an objective measure of participation, and the PS, a subjective measure. (3) The PO gauges level of engagement, that is, frequency or duration of participation in activity in real-life environments. This differs from some CI measures in that the focus is not placed on the degree of impaired functioning. (4) Subjective assessment (the PS measure) incorporates the preferences of the...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA