Participation Objective, Participation Subjective
The participation objective, participation subjective (POPS) is a 26-item instrument, with two scoring systems, reflecting different perspectives – one, on disability, insider’s perspective of their participation in home and community activities, and the other, reflecting societal/normative (“outsider”) valuations. The POPS measure differs from typical community integration (CI) instruments in several ways: (1) It focuses solely on activities, not on nonactivity indicators related to community functioning, for example, income. (2) It generates two measures: the PO, comprising an objective measure of participation, and the PS, a subjective measure. (3) The PO gauges level of engagement, that is, frequency or duration of participation in activity in real-life environments. This differs from some CI measures in that the focus is not placed on the degree of impaired functioning. (4) Subjective assessment (the PS measure) incorporates the preferences of the...