Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Participation Measure for Post-acute Care

  • Tamara BushnikEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1825




The participation measure for post-acute care (PM-PAC) is designed to measure patient-reported changes in participation as a result of interventions and/or services provided in the outpatient or home-care environment (i.e., post-acute setting) (Gandek et al. 2007). It consists of 51 items in nine domains necessary for participation: mobility (eight items); role functioning (five items); community, social, and civic life (ten items); domestic life/self-care (three items); economic life (four items); interpersonal relationships (five items); communication (six items); work (five items); and education (five items). Response options vary depending upon the item with the majority using a 5-category response schema. Higher values indicate few limitations or greater satisfaction in participation. The nine domains may be individually summed to yield domain scores; a total score, summing across domains, is not recommended.

A computerized adaptive testing (CAT)...

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References and Readings

  1. Gandek, B., Sinclair, S. J., Jette, A. M., & Ware, J. E., Jr. (2007). Development and initial psychometric evaluation of the participation measure for post-acute care (PM-PAC). American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 86, 57–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Haley, S. M., Gandek, B., Siebens, H., Black-Schaffer, R. M., Sinclair, S. J., Tao, W., Coster, W. J., Ni, P., & Jette, A. M. (2008). Computerized adaptive testing for follow-up after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation: II. Participation outcomes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89, 275–283.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Jette, A. M., Tao, W., & Haley, S. M. (2007). Blending activity and participation sub-domains of the ICF. Disability and Rehabilitation, 29, 1742–1750.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. World Health Organization. (2001). International classification of functioning, disability, and health. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Inter-Hospital Research and Knowledge TranslationRusk RehabilitationNew YorkUSA