Disability Rating Scale
DRS; Rappaport DRS
The disability rating scale (DRS) was developed as a measure of disability that would be applicable to individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury at a wide range of functional levels from coma through community living. The DRS has been recommended as a primary outcome measure for clinical trials involving individuals with brain injury.
The DRS is an 8-item measure (each rated on a 3–5-point scale) that is summed to give a total score. The DRS addresses all three categories of functioning proposed by the World Health Organization (body function, activity, and participation). The first three items of the DRS (eye opening, communication ability, and motor response) reflect body function. The next three items (cognitive ability for feeding, toileting, and grooming) relate to activity. The last two items (level of functioning and employability) reflect participation. By addressing all three categories of functioning, the measure is...
References and Readings
- Hammond, F. M., Grattan, K. D., Sasser, H., Corrigan, J. D., Bushnik, T., & Zafonte, R. D. (2001). Long-term recovery course after traumatic brain injury: A comparison of the functional independence measure and the disability rating scale. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 16, 318–329.PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar