Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan


  • Marla SanzoneEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1735


Conflict; Counterindicant


A contraindication is a circumstance, condition, symptom, or factor that increases the risk associated with a medical procedure, drug, or treatment. A contraindication refers to any intervention considered inappropriate or inadvisable based upon unique factors of the situation such as potential harmful interactions between drugs or medical conditions that renders an individual vulnerable if implemented.

A contraindication may be absolute or relative. Absolute contraindications are those which are inadvisable without exception or qualification. They are either permanently recommended against, or temporarily until the disqualifying condition is remediated. The use of the atypical antipsychotic medication, clozapine carries a risk of agranulocytosis, a severe low white blood cell disorder condition. Clozopine would be an absolute contraindication in an individual with a history of bone marrow suppression.

Relative contraindications refer to...

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References and Readings

  1. Mosby. (2006). Contra- (definition). In T. Myers (Ed.), Mosby’s dictionary of medicine, nursing & health professions (7th ed., p. 453). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.Google Scholar
  2. Venes, D., Thomas, C., Egan, E., & Houska, A. (2001). Contraindication (definition). In D. Venes et al. (Eds.), Taber’s medical dictionary (19th ed., p. 479). Philadelphia: FA Davis Company.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Independent Practice, Loyola College of MarylandAnnapolisUSA