Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Triazolam

  • Cristy Akins
  • Efrain Antonio GonzalezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1718

Generic Name

Triazolam

Brand Name

Halcion

Class

Anxiolytic/sedative

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Increases inhibitory effects of GABA, acts on benzodiazepine receptors at GABA-A chloride channel.

Indication

Insomnia (short-term treatment).

Off-Label Use

No common off label use.

Side Effects

Serious

Liver dysfunction, kidney dysfunction, blood dyscrasias, and respiratory depression.

Common

Hyperexcitability, nervousness, anterograde amnesia, sedation, depression, fatigue, ataxia, slurred speech, hallucinations, mania, hypotension, hypersalivation, dry mouth, and rebound insomnia.

References and Reading

  1. Physicians’ Desk Reference (71st ed.). (2017). Montvale: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.epocrates.com.
  2. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.medscape.com.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mercy Family CenterMetarieUSA
  2. 2.College of PsychologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  3. 3.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA