Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Bupropion

  • Cristy Akins
  • Efrain Antonio GonzalezEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1633

Generic Name

Bupropion, Bupropion hydrobromide

Brand Name

Wellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, Wellbutrin XL, Zyban, Aplenzin, Buproban, Budeprion SR, and Forfivo XL

Class

Antidepressants, smoking cessation aids, and dopamine reuptake inhibitors

Proposed Mechanism(s) of Action

Increases norepinephrine/noradrenaline and dopamine, blocks norepinephrine reuptake pump, may increase dopamine neurotransmission in the frontal cortex, and blocks dopamine reuptake pump.

Indication

Major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and smoking cessation.

Off-Label Use

Bipolar disorder, ADHD, and neuropathic pain.

Side Effects

Serious

Seizures, hypomania, induction of mania, and activation of suicidal ideation (controversial).

Common

Dry mouth, constipation, nausea, weight loss, insomnia, dizziness, headache, agitation, tremor, abdominal pain, tinnitus, tremor, palpitation, anorexia, urinary frequency, and sweating.

References and Readings

  1. Physicians’ Desk Reference (71st ed.). (2017). Montvale: Thomson PDR.Google Scholar
  2. Stahl, S. M. (2007). Essential psychopharmacology: The prescriber’s guide (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Additional Information

  1. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.epocrates.com.
  2. Free Drug Online and PDA Software: www.medscape.com.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mercy Family CenterMetarieUSA
  2. 2.College of PsychologyNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  3. 3.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA