Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Tumor Grade

  • Carol L. ArmstrongEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_163


Tumor grade refers to systems for determining the degree of malignancy of a tumor and classifies cells in terms of abnormal characteristics of the tumor cells (it is differentiated from cancer staging which refers to the severity and extent of the spread of the disease). It is determined by a pathologist from biopsied tumor tissue, as well as other characteristics of the tumor. The National Cancer Institute “Pathology Reports” (http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/diagnosis-staging/diagnosis/pathology-reports-fact-sheet) describes the information found in pathology reports.

Oncologists use a tumor grading system to help determine prognosis and treatment options. The specific characteristics differ in reference to different tumor types. Tumor types refer to the cells from which they developed (e.g., astrocytomas develop from unregulated growth of astrocytes). Other brain tumor types are not graded but classified by how abnormal the cancer cells and milieu looks and how likely...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Reading

  1. American Joint Committee on Cancer. (2002). AJCC cancer staging manual (6th ed.). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, S., Damasio, H., & Tranel, D. (1990). Neuropsychological impairments associated with lesions caused by tumor or stroke. Archives of Neurology, 47, 397–405.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Kayl, A. E., & Meyers, C. A. (2003). Does brain tumor histology influence cognitive function? Neuro-Oncology, 5(4), 255–260.PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesThe Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA