Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

  • David J. LibonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1623

Definition

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is produced by the anterior pituitary gland and is a component of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The release of ACTH is associated with the biological response to stress. The production of ACTH from the pituitary gland stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol. The ACTH stimulation test is a common procedure used to assess the integrity of the adrenal glands. This test is used to identify a number of medical conditions including adrenal insufficiency, Addison’s disease, and related medical conditions (Melmed and Kleinberg 2008).

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Melmed, S., & Kleinberg, D. (2008). Anterior pituitary. In H. M. Kronenberg, S. Melmed, K. S. Polonsky, & P. R. Larsen (Eds.), Williams textbook of endocrinology (11th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Geriatrics, Gerontology, and PsychologyRowan University, New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, School of Osteopathic MedicineStratfordUSA