Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Tourette Syndrome

  • Jaeson KaylegianEmail author
  • Scott J. Hunter
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1600

Synonyms

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome; Tics

Short Description and Categorization

Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset movement disorder characterized by involuntary motor and vocal tics that may wax and wane over time. It was first reported in 1885 by Gilles de la Tourette and Jean-Martin Charcot. The pathophysiological underpinning for the symptoms of TS is commonly identified as dysfunction in basal ganglia mediated fronto-subcortical circuits (Kurlan 1994).

Epidemiology

TS occurs in approximately 1% of the population (Hunter 2007; Robertson 2008). Common motor tics include eye blinking, head jerking, and facial grimaces. Throat clearing, sniffing, and blowing are common vocal tics. Coprolalia, a vocal tic that is characterized by use of obscene language, is present in less than 15% of individuals with TS. TS occurs more often in males than females (average male/female ratio 4:1) and has been observed across ethnic and racial groups, but is thought to occur more often in...

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References and Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, and Pediatrics, Pediatric Neuropsychology, Section of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryThe University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Neuropsychology Technician IIIUniversity of Chicago MedicineChicagoUSA