Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Pervasive Developmental Disorder NOS

  • Fred R. VolkmarEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1585

Synonyms

Atypical autism; Autism spectrum disorder

Short Description/Definition

Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) is the subthreshold disorder in the PDD class of conditions in the DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association 2000). The individual with PDD-NOS does not meet the criteria for autistic disorder or other specifically defined PDDs but does exhibit problems in social interaction and either communication anomalies or unusual behavior suggestive of a diagnosis in this category. In contrast, ICD-10 (World Health Organization 1994) terms the condition atypical autism and allows for specification of the ways in which the case is subthreshold, e.g., relative to criterion threshold or age of onset. The category has now been eliminated from DSM-5.

Categorization

Although first recognized officially in DSM-III (1980), in many respects this concept has its roots in the much earlier observations of individuals like Rank (1949) and Asperger (1944), who...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual (4th ed. – Text revision).Washington, DC: APA Press.Google Scholar
  2. Asperger, H. (1944). Die “autistichen Psychopathen” im Kindersalter. Archive fur psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 117, 76–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fombonne, E. (2005). Epidemiological studies of pervasive developmental disorders. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 42–69). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Hellgren, L., Gillberg, C., & Gillberg, I. C. (1994). Children with deficits in attention, motor control and perception (DAMP) almost grown up: The contribution of various background factors to outcome at age 16 years. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 3(1), 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Klin, A., Pauls, D., Schultz, R., & Volkmar, F. (2005). Three diagnostic approaches to Asperger syndrome: Implications for research. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(2), 221–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Rank, B. (1949). Adaptation of the psychoanalytic technique for the treatment of young children with atypical development. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 19, 130–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Rourke, B. P., & Tsatsanis, K. D. (2000). Nonverbal learning disabilities and Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin & F. R. Volkmar (Eds.), Asperger syndrome (pp. 231–253). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  8. Rutter, M. (2005). Genetic influences and autism. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 425–452). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Smith, I. C., Reichow, B., & Volkmar, F. R. (2015). The effects of DSM-5 criteria on number of individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. Journal of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, 45(8), 2541–2552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Towbin, K. E. (2005). Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. In F. R. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders (Vol. 1, pp. 165–200). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  11. Wing, L., & Gould, J. (1979). Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 9(1), 11–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. World Health Organization. (1994). Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organization.Google Scholar
  13. National Research, Council. (2001). Educating Young Children with Autism. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Child Study Center, Child Psychiatry, Pediatrics and Psychology, Yale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA