Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Radiation Oncology

  • Bram GoldsteinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_154

Definition

Radiation oncology is a specialized field of oncology that employs ionizing radiation (or radiotherapy) in the treatment of cancer. They frequently collaborate with medical oncologists who administer chemotherapy, in an attempt to improve the curative potential for patients with malignant diseases. Radiation oncologists determine the precise type of treatment (e.g., adjuvant, neoadjuvant, or palliative) depending upon the specific tumor type, location, disease stage, and patient’s health status. They also assess the appropriate delivered dose of radiotherapy by considering whether the amount is sufficiently high enough to eliminate the cancer cells without incurring unreasonable or excessive patient toxicity. When administering the treatment, radiation therapists may employ several types of stereotactic radiosurgery devices, including the gamma knife, linear accelerator (LINAC), brachytherapy, or additional innovative procedures, such as proton beam therapy and GliaSite...

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References and Readings

  1. Flickinger, J. C., Kondziolka, D., Niranjan, A., & Lunsford, L. D. (2007). Dose selection in stereotactic radiosurgery. Progress in Neurological Surgery, 20, 28–42.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Gynecologic OncologyHoag Hospital Cancer CenterNewport BeachUSA