Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Rolandic Epilepsy

  • Jeffrey B. TitusEmail author
  • William A. Schraegle
  • Dave Clarke
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1525

Synonyms

Benign partial epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS); Benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE); Sylvian seizures

Definition

Rolandic epilepsy (RE), previously known as benign rolandic epilepsy, has traditionally been classified as an idiopathic partial epilepsy of childhood, characterized by seizure onset between the ages of 18 months and 13 years and seizure remittance during childhood or adolescence. More recently, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) has recommended describing RE as a self-limited and pharmacoresponsive focal epilepsy, along with Panayiotopoulos syndrome and idiopathic childhood occipital epilepsy (late-onset childhood occipital epilepsy). These conditions are generally believed to have good outcomes, and they have been theorized to lie on the milder end of the spectrum that includes more severe and rare epilepsy syndromes, such as Landau-Kleffner Syndrome and continuous spikes in slow-wave sleep.

RE is the most common epilepsy syndrome...

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Further Reading

  1. Camfield, C. S., & Camfield, P. R. (2014). Rolandic epilepsy has little effect on adult life 30 years later: A population-based study. Neurology, 82, 1162–1166.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jurkevičienė, G., Endzinienė, M., Laukienė, I., Šaferis, V., Rastenytė, D., Plioplys, S., & Vaičienė-Magistris, N. (2012). Association of language dysfunction and age of onset of benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes in children. European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, 16(6), 653–661.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Loiseau, P. (2001). Idiopathic and benign partial epilepsies. In E. Wyllie (Ed.), The treatment of epilepsy: Principles and practice (3rd ed., pp. 475–484). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  4. Overvliet, G. M., Aldenkamp, A. P., Klinkenberg, S., Vles, J. S., & Hendriksen, J. (2011). Impaired language performance as a precursor or consequence of Rolandic epilepsy? Journal of Neurological Sciences, 304(1–2), 71–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Pal, D. K., Nordli, D. R., & Panayiotopoulos, C. P. (2017). Childhood-rolandic epilepsy. In J. M. Pellock, D. R. Nordli Jr., R. Sankar, & J. W. Wheless (Eds.), Pellock’s pediatric epilepsy: Diagnosis and therapy (4th ed., pp. 355–366). New York: Demos.Google Scholar
  6. Piccinelli, P., Borgatti, R., Aldini, A., Bindelli, D., Ferri, M., Perna, S., et al. (2008). Academic performance in children with rolandic epilepsy. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 50, 353–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Samaitienė, R., Norkūnienė, J., Jurkevičienė, G., & Grikinienė, J. (2012). Behavioral problems in children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes treated and untreated with antiepileptic drugs. Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), 48(7), 338–344.Google Scholar
  8. Verrotti, A., Filippini, M., Matricardi, S., Agostinelli, M. F., & Gobbi, G. (2014). Memory impairment and benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spike (BECTS): A growing suspicion. Brain and Cognition, 84(1), 123–131.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Volkl-Kernstock, S., Bauch-Prater, S., Ponocny-Seliger, E., & Feucht, M. (2009). Speech and school performance in children with benign partial epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BCECTS). Seizure, 18, 320–326.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey B. Titus
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • William A. Schraegle
    • 3
    • 4
  • Dave Clarke
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Comprehensive Epilepsy ProgramDell Children’s Medical Center of Central TexasAustinUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.Pediatric Neuropsychology, Dell Children’s Medical Center of Central TexasAustinUSA
  4. 4.Department of Educational PsychologyThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  5. 5.Department of PediatricsDell Medical School, The University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA