Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Route Finding

  • Chava CrequeEmail author
  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1486


Route learning; Spatial competence; Spatial orientation; Visuospatial processing


Route finding is the ability to perceive spatial relations between objects and navigate between said objects literally or within a written map-like scenario. It is an ability related to executive functioning. Route-finding difficulties are often found in children with reading disorders, autism, and attentional problems. Route-finding deficits are also common after brain injury and are likely due to defective representational thinking. People with route-finding difficulties often have difficulty with directionality, estimating distance, self-monitoring, symbolic representations, and other executive functions. They may be unable to follow a route or find their way from one location to another.


References and Readings

  1. Brooks, B., Mcneil, J., Rose, F., Attree, E., & Leadbetter, A. (1999). Route learning in a case of Amnesia: A preliminary investigation into the efficacy of training in a virtual environment. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 9(1), 63–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceUniversity of Colorado BoulderBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA