Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test II
Bender-Gestalt, Second Edition; BG-II
The Bender-Gestalt test was first published in 1938, as a brief measure of visual-motor functioning. As with any measure, research identifies various measurement, scoring, and standardization issues. Recent research culminated in the revision of the test, the Bender-Gestalt, Second Edition (BG-II), which was revised by Brannigan and Decker in 2003. The BG-II maintains many historical properties that appealed to clinicians, while improving the psychometric adequacy of the test. The BG-II is divided into two phases: copy and recall. The copy phase requires the duplication of 16 geometric images, shown sequentially on separate 3 × 5 cards, onto a blank piece of paper with a No. 2 pencil. The recall phase involves drawing these images from memory on a new sheet of paper. Using the Global Scoring System, the drawing productions are rated on a 5-point scale based on the similarity to the original image and yield percentile ranks,...
References and Readings
- Bender, L. (1938). A visual motor Gestalt test and its clinical use. New York: American Orthopsychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Koppitz, E. M. (1963). The Bender Gestalt test for young children. New York: Grune and Stratton.Google Scholar
- Lacks, P. (1999). Bender Gestalt screening for brain dysfunction (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Pascal, G. R., & Suttell, B. J. (1951). The Bender Gestalt test. New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar