Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test II

  • Scott L. DeckerEmail author
  • Rachel M. Bridges
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1439

Synonyms

Bender-Gestalt, Second Edition; BG-II

Description

The Bender-Gestalt test was first published in 1938, as a brief measure of visual-motor functioning. As with any measure, research identifies various measurement, scoring, and standardization issues. Recent research culminated in the revision of the test, the Bender-Gestalt, Second Edition (BG-II), which was revised by Brannigan and Decker in 2003. The BG-II maintains many historical properties that appealed to clinicians, while improving the psychometric adequacy of the test. The BG-II is divided into two phases: copy and recall. The copy phase requires the duplication of 16 geometric images, shown sequentially on separate 3 × 5 cards, onto a blank piece of paper with a No. 2 pencil. The recall phase involves drawing these images from memory on a new sheet of paper. Using the Global Scoring System, the drawing productions are rated on a 5-point scale based on the similarity to the original image and yield percentile ranks,...

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References and Readings

  1. Bender, L. (1938). A visual motor Gestalt test and its clinical use. New York: American Orthopsychiatric Association.Google Scholar
  2. Decker, S. L. (2008). Measuring growth and decline in visual motor processes with the Bender-Gestalt, Second Edition. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 26, 3–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Decker, S. L., Allen, R., & Choca, J. P. (2006). Construct validity of the Bender-Gestalt II: Comparison with Wechsler intelligence scale for children III. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 102, 113–141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Koppitz, E. M. (1963). The Bender Gestalt test for young children. New York: Grune and Stratton.Google Scholar
  5. Lacks, P. (1999). Bender Gestalt screening for brain dysfunction (2nd ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  6. Pascal, G. R., & Suttell, B. J. (1951). The Bender Gestalt test. New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
  7. Wertheimer, M. (1923). Studies in the theory of Gestalt psychology. Psychologische Forschung, 4, 301–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA