Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Auditory Discrimination

  • Kelly BroxtermanEmail author
  • Beth Kuczynski
  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner
  • Alyssa Beukema
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1436

Synonyms

Auditory processing

Definition

Auditory discrimination is part of phonology, which is one of the five components of language. It is the ability to recognize differences in phonemes (the smallest unit of sound in a language), including the ability to identify words and sounds that are similar and those that are different. Auditory discrimination tests are performed to measure a person’s phonological awareness, such as the ability to compare and contrast speech sounds, separate and blend phonemes, identify phonemes within spoken words, and combine phonemes into spoken words. Impaired auditory discrimination should be addressed early in child development, as it is pertinent to learning. Auditory discrimination ability or phonological awareness skills are correlated with reading performance.

Cross-References

References and Readings

  1. Fromkin, V., & Rodman, R. (1974). An introduction to language. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar
  2. Gordon-Brannan, M. E., & Weiss, C. E. (2008). Clinical management of articulatory and phonologic disorders (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
  3. Moller, A. R. (2000). Hearing: Its physiology and pathophysiology. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  4. Ouimet, T., & Balaban, E. (2009). Auditory stream biasing in children with reading impairments. Dyslexia, 16, 45–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Sharma, M., Purdy, S. C., & Kelly, A. S. (2009). Comorbidity of auditory processing, lauguage, and reading disorders. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research, 52, 706–722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Warren, R. M. (1999). Auditory perception: A new synthesis (2nd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Warren, R. M. (2008). Auditory perception: An analysis and synthesis (3rd ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly Broxterman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Beth Kuczynski
    • 2
  • Stephanie A. Kolakowsky-Hayner
    • 3
  • Alyssa Beukema
    • 1
  1. 1.School PsychologyThe Chicago School of Professional PsychologyChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Imaging of Dementia and Aging (IDeA) Laboratory, Department of Neurology and Center for Neuroscience, University of CaliforniaDavisUSA
  3. 3.Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA