Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Visual-Motor Function

  • Jessica Somerville RuffoloEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1417


Constructional apraxia; Graphomotor function; Visuoconstruction; Visuospatial construction


Assessment of visual-motor function typically involves administering tasks that utilize the ability to organize and manually manipulate spatial information to make a design. Common visual-motor measures include assembling tasks (e.g., block or puzzle designs) and copying or drawing pictures. Visual-motor (constructional) function is a multifactorial construct requiring different cognitive abilities, such as perceptual and visuospatial skills, motor programming and coordination, and executive functioning (e.g., planning, organization, conceptualization). In addition, attention is required, and in some tasks (i.e., “draw-to-command” drawing tasks), receptive language and memory skills are also required. Disruptions in the integration of different aspects of brain functioning can also interfere with visual-motor performance.

Historical Background

Poppelreuter (1917) discussed...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA