Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Bicycle Drawing Test

  • Ronald A. CohenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1345


As the name suggests, the bicycle drawing test requires patients to draw a picture of a bicycle in freehand using a pencil. It can be a useful measure of visual-spatial and visual-motor impairments and also has been used in the assessment of hemi-neglect syndromes. Typically, the patient is asked to draw a copy of a simple line drawn picture of a bicycle. Many clinicians first ask the patient to draw a bicycle in freehand from their own memory, to assess their constructional ability in the absence of a model.

History and Clinical Evidence

The bicycle drawing test is widely associated with Piaget’s (1955) investigations of cognitive development, though similar tests seem to have been employed earlier (Poppelreuter 1990; Veiders 1934). Neuropsychological investigations of focal unilateral lesions (Hecaen and Assal 1970) have demonstrated differences in performance between patients with left- and right-sided posterior brain lesions. Such comparisons have also suggested...

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References and Readings

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, College of Public Health and Health ProfessionsUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive Aging and MemoryMcKnight Brain Institute, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA