Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2018 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Cue Dominance

  • Ronald A. CohenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57111-9_1283

Synonyms

Cue salience; Orienting stimulus; Stimulus strength

Definition

Cue dominance refers to the tendency to perceive or respond to a particular stimulus or class of stimuli over others in the environment. Stimuli may either have intrinsic properties that give them strength or “dominance” based on physical attributes (e.g., loudness, color) or may acquire dominance (i.e., propensity to elicit a response) as a function of associative learning and task demands.

Current Knowledge

Cue dominance is an important principle derived from behavioral studies of animal conditioning and learning theories. It provides a theoretical foundation for the neuroscience of selective attention, linking basic behavioral and learning processes with higher-order information processing.

In the context of behavioral conditioning, cues refer to stimuli that have the capacity to elicit an orienting response, anticipation, subsequent attention, and response intention and preparation. Cues lack the inherent...

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References and Readings

  1. Draper, W. A. (1965). Cue dominance in oddity discriminations by rhesus monkeys. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 60(1), 140–141.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fantz, R. L., & Miranda, S. B. (1975). Newborn infant attention to form of contour. Child Development, 46(1), 224–228.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kendler, T. S. (1971). Continuity theory and cue-dominance. In H. H. Kendler & J. T. Spence (Eds.), Essays in neobehaviorism: A memorial volume to Kenneth W. Spence. East Norwalk: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  4. Kendler, H. H., & Ward, J. W. (1972). Reversal learning: The effects of conceptual and perceptual training in the absence of differential observing responses. Psychonomic Science, 28(6), 346–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Posner, M. I., Snyder, C. R., & Davidson, B. J. (1980). Attention and the detection of signals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 109(2), 160–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyCollege of Public Health and Health Professions, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive Aging and MemoryMcKnight Brain Institute, University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA